Non-linear effects of cycloheximide in glutamate-treated cultured rat cerebellar neurons

Journal Article

By: D; Marini Marotta, A; Banaudha, K; Maharaj, S; John Ives; Morrissette, C; Wayne B Jonas
Publication Name: Neurotoxicology
Year: 2002

Multiple cell types and organisms across a wide array of phyla and a variety of toxins demonstrate non-linear dose responses to low-level chemical exposures with high doses inhibiting cellular function and low doses stimulating function. We tested whether such non-linear responses to low and ultra-low dose N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) or cycloheximide moderated toxic glutamate exposure in cultured cerebellar granule cells. Neurons were incubated over 72 h with successive NMDA, MPP+ iodide or cycloheximide additions producing specified low (10(-5), 10(-7), 10(-9), 10(-11), and 10(-13) M) and ultra-low (10(-27),10(-29), 10(-63), and 10(-65) M) concentrations. Subsequently these neuronal cells were exposed to a 50% excitotoxic concentration of glutamate for 24 h. Neuronal viability was significantly reduced in neurons treated with micromolar (10(-5) M) cycloheximide whereas viability was enhanced in neurons treated with an ultra-low dose exposure of 10(-27) M cycloheximide. Neither NMDA nor MPP+ elicited harmful or protective responses. This is the first report demonstrating non-linear dose-response effects of cycloheximide in low and ultra-low concentration ranges.

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