Individual differences in self-attributed mindfulness levels are related to the experience of time and cognitive self-control

By: Wittmann M, Peter J, Gutina O, Otten S, Kohls N, Meissner K
Year: 2013

The objective of this correlational study was to investigate how dispositional mindfulness is related to the
experience of time as operationalized by the assessment of the time perspectives, impulsiveness, and
duration judgment tasks. A sample of students (N = 63) completed self-report measures of mindfulness
(FMI, CHIME), the time perspectives (ZTPI), impulsiveness (BIS), conducted psychophysical tasks of (a)
auditory duration discrimination in the milliseconds range, (b) visual duration reproduction in the
multiple-second range, and performed an attention task, the Attention Network Test. Being more mindful
in daily life was related to less impulsiveness, better emotional handling of the past, and a more
pronounced future perspective. Mindfulness was also related to more accurate timing in the milliseconds
and multiple-seconds range but not to attentional control. These findings suggest a close association
between dispositional mindfulness with the temporal organization of behaviour and the perception of